Mango, open source Machine to Machine on Ubuntu

This is not Paid to Review. I just share my experience about installing Mango, open source M2M on Ubuntu 9.10. This article is only copying from various sources.

BE AWARE: My experience is very limited. I am not sure these codes are perfect. I just want say that they work for me. Thanks

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Download java jre-6u20-linux-i586.bin from

To install the Linux (self-extracting) file
Follow these instructions:
1. Change the permission of the file you downloaded to be executable. Type:
chmod a+x jre-6u20-linux-i586.bin
2. Verify that you have permission to execute the file. Type:
ls -l

3. Change to the directory in which you want to install. Type:
For example, to install the software in the /usr/java/ directory, Type:
cd /usr/java/

Note about root access: To install Java in a system-wide location such as /usr/local, you must login as the root user to gain the necessary permissions. If you do not have root access, install the Java in your home directory or a subdirectory for which you have write permissions. Or you can type sudo nautilus

4. Run the self-extracting binary Type:

The license agreement is displayed. Review the agreement. Press the spacebar to display the next page. At the end, enter yes to proceed with the installation.

5. Java is installed into its own directory. In this example, it is installed in the /usr/java/jre1.6.0_20 directory. When the installation has completed, you will see the word Done.

6. Verify that the jre1.6.0_20 sub-directory is listed under the current directory. Type:

Enable and Configure
Firefox or Mozilla

1. Create a symbolic link to the file in the browser plugins directory
* Go to the plugins sub-directory under the Firefox installation directory
cd /plugins

* Create the symbolic link
ln -s /plugin/i386/

In the ln command line above, use ns7-gcc29 if Firefox was compiled with gcc2.9.

If you install Firefox 1.5 or later, you can enable the Java Console menu item in the Tools menu. Change directories to the Firefox extensions directory, then unzip there.

cd /usr/lib/firefox-1.4/extensions
unzip /usr/java/jre1.6.0/lib/deploy/

* If Firefox is installed at this directory:
* And if the Java is installed at this directory:
* Then type in the terminal window to go to the browser plug-in directory:
cd /usr/lib/firefox-1.4/plugins
* Enter the following command to create a symbolic link to the Java Plug-in for the Mozilla browser.
ln -s /usr/java/jre1.6.0_20/plugin/i386/ns7/

2. Start the Firefox browser, or restart it if it is already up.

In Firefox, type about:plugins in the Location bar to confirm that the Java Plugin is loaded. If the version is Firefox 1.5 or later, click the Tools menu to confirm that Java Console is there

Download Tomcat from

Add tomcat
Place the uncompressed package in:


You need to point out where you installed Java SDK. You will have to edit the file ‘.bashrc’. Backup this file first!

In terminal type:


gedit ~/.bashrc

Add the following lines to the file:


#Stuff we added to make tomcat go
export JAVA_HOME=/usr/java/jre1.6.0_20/
export CLASSPATH=/usr/tomcat/apache-tomcat-6.0.20/lib/jsp-api.jar:/usr/tomcat/apache-tomcat-6.0.20/lib.jar
#endStuff we added to make tomcat go

N.B. remember to change the word tomcat to the name of the package you placed in /usr/tomcat

Step 2 – Start tomcat

Tomcat should now be ready to run.

In terminal type:


sh /usr/tomcat/apache-tomcat-6.0.20/bin/

or cd to bin then type ./

If everything is working fine, you will see the following lines:


Using CATALINA_BASE: /usr/tomcat/apache-tomcat-6.0.20
Using CATALINA_HOME: /usr/tomcat/apache-tomcat-6.0.20
Using CATALINA_TMPDIR: /usr/tomcat//apache-tomcat-6.0.20/temp
Using JRE_HOME: /usr/lib/j2sdk1.5-sun/

In your browser head to http://localhost/ and test if it is serving. If you didn’t change the port number it was serving on, head to http://localhost:8080/

If Tomcat started successfully, you should see a Tomcat welcome page when you direct your browser to http://localhost:8080/ (if you did not change the port in server.xml).

Shut down Tomcat before continuing with the installation. Either close the Tomcat window, or execute either /bin/shutdown.bat (Windows) or /bin/ (*nix), depending on your host system type.

To stop tomcat type:


sh /usr/tomcat/apache-tomcat-6.0.20/bin/

Download Mango

These instructions assume that you will be installing Mango as the root application within Tomcat. Mango can also be installed in an application path if desired, but such an installation is not described here.

You may optionally clear out the applications that are shipped with Tomcat, as they are not required. To do so, delete all directories under /webapps. Then, recreate the ROOT subdirectory.

Unzip the Mango binary archive into the /webapps/ROOT directory. When you start Tomcat next (see above), Mango will be started as well. Depending on the speed of your system it could take a few minutes to create the database tables. Tomcat (and Mango) will have completed starting up when the Tomcat console displays the message “INFO: Server startup in xxx ms” (where “xxx” is the number of milliseconds it took to start up). When you direct your browser to your Tomcat installation, you should now see the Mango login page.

Upon installation, Mango creates a single login account with username “admin” and password “admin”. Once you log in, you are strongly encouraged to change at least the password for this account on the “Users” page (). Also, you can set various system properties on the “System settings” page ().

Congratulations! Mango is now ready to use!


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